American Psychological Association
118th Annual Convention
San Diego, August 12-15 2010
Sir Michael Rutter
From Individual Differences to Resilience: From Traits to Processes
| Prior Exposure to Risk as a Preventive Factor
"During the 1979/80 year at the Stanford Center for Advanced Study in Behavioral Sciences, I took part in a group dedicated to understanding 'Stress, Coping, and Development' (See Garmezy & Rutter, 1983). For me, that was a formative year in numerous ways but one aspect, through talking with 'Gig' Levine, was to renew my appreciation for animal models.... [Levine's rodent studies in the 1950's] were influential through the demonstration that animals subjected to physical stressors showed an increased resistance to subsequent stress.
I also became aware of parallel human studies by Glen Elder (1979) showing that adolescents who coped successfully with the stressors of the great economic depression emerged strengthened."
|Resilience = Relative resistance to environmental risk experiences, OR the overcoming of stress or adversity, OR a relatively good outcome despite risk experiences. - Sir Michael Rutter|